Within Disk Utility, the hard drive or SSD is referred to as a "disk". It is represented in the
list of drives on the left side of the window, usually by a silver or yellow hard drive icon. Note
that icons representing the physical device are never indented in the list.
The named, logical space that is set aside within the disk is called a "volume". A volume is also
represented by hard drive icons, but they are indented beneath the disk where they are stored. Shown
at right, the items named Snow Leopard, Lion, Mountain Lion, Mavericks, and Yosemite are all examples
of volumes found within the disk listed as "256.06 GB SanDisk SSD." Unlike volume names, disk names
cannot easily be modified; they are set at the manufacturing facility.
Every disk used with OS X needs to be "partitioned" with one or more volumes. When you partition a disk,
all of the volumes that are created are formatted as part of the process. That is what we'll be doing.
Please note that Apple's Disk Utility has remained virtually unchanged from OS X 10.6 thru OS X 10.10. While
this document shows screenshots from OS X 10.10, the options shown are available in earlier versions
of the OS going back to 10.6. Earlier versions of OS X account for a tiny fraction of users and are
not covered in this document, but the process is very similar.
STEP 1: Opening Disk Utility
Typically the easiest way to access the Disk Utility application is to use the Spotlight search tool built into your OS X Menubar.
Click the magnifying glass icon in the top- right corner of your screen. Type (without quotes) "Disk Utility".
The first search result should automatically highlight the application. Press the Return key to launch the application.
STEP 2: Select the Drive
A list of available drives and volumes is displayed on the left side of the window. Note that drives which
have never been formatted will have only a single icon (shown at right). That is the scenario we’ll cover.
Select the icon of the disk you want to partition and format.
Re-partitioning a drive using these steps will erase all data on the drive. Please be sure you have a full backup first!
Optionally, to verify the drive is working normally, click the "Verify Disk" button. After a minute or two
a simple report will show up in the white box notifying you if there are problems. If so, click the
"Repair Disk" button to try and resolve the issues.
STEP 3: Partition Options
Click the Partition button in the middle of the window. You will see a menu that says "Partition Layout".
Click it and choose the number of volumes you would like to create. For general purpose computing one
partition is usually a good choice.
Note: if you wish to create two or more partitions, you can select that number from the menu and then
manage their size relative to one another by dragging the divider between them, displayed in the area
under the menu (not shown). Each partition will need to have a unique name, and each can have its own
Format setting, if needed. For example you could set one partition to use a Mac format, and another
to work with PCs.
STEP 4a: Name Your Drive
Within the "Name" field, type in the name of your volume. It is a good practice to only use letters, numbers,
spaces, dashes, and underscores. Avoid special characters or slashes in the name.
Note: by default the format called "Mac OS Extended (Journaled)" option is selected for use with OS X, and
the Size will default to the full capacity of the drive. These settings are appropriate for most purposes.
If you wish to use the disk with both Mac and PCs, please see Step 4b on the next page.
STEP 4b *Optional*: The ExFAT Option
If you wish to use the drive with both OS X and a PC, choose the ExFAT Format option if you're
using Windows Vista SP1 and later. Note: this may reduce the performance of the drive however
for general purpose file transfers and file storage, you may not notice a difference.
Note: longer names may be shortened automatically when choosing this option.
STEP 5: Select "GUID Partition Table"
Next click the "Options..." button and make sure the "GUID Partition Table" option is selected. Click "OK" when
this has been verified.
By default GUID Partition table should be set, but if your drive was formatted previously (at the factory or
elsewhere) it may use a different partition scheme. For this reason, it’s always a good idea to check.
STEP 6: Create Your Drive
When you're ready, click the Apply button to both create a new partition scheme on your disk and create new volume(s).
You will be asked if you are "sure you want to partition the disk." Click the "Partition" button when you
are ready. The partitioning and formatting process may take a minute or two depending on the size of the
disk and the number of partitions being created (while waiting the window should look like what you see at right).
When the process is complete, you should see the name of your original disk, with the name of your newly created
volume(s) indented beneath (shown at right). You are now ready to use your newly formatted OS X drive!
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